American Computer Scientist
January 2, 1938 - Present
Ms. Conway is credited with the invention of generalized dynamic instruction handling, a key advance used in out-of-order execution, used by most modern computer processors to improve performance. She worked at MIT, IBM, Xerox PARC and DARPA and other major companies and ultimately invented dimensionless, scalable design rules that greatly simplified chip design and design tools. Ms. Conway was born as a male, she suffered from gender dysphoria. As her later work at MIT, Xerox and DARPA on VLSI microchip design revolutionized the industry.